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IX - Have the Imams (peace be upon them all), during their research, ever referred to Ghadir Khom and talked on it?
(A) Yes, The Holy Imams, as well as their followers have frequently deduced it, and stated it and related the story of Ghadir. You can notice it in ‘Al-Ghadir’ volume 1, page 159-197, and in Ghadir Sermon in the Documentary Mirror, page 85; and also in ‘The Secret of Ghadir’ (Asrar-r-Ghadir) 262-272.
The above mentioned points are more than enough proof for us to refer to Ali, (peace be upon him) as the Commander of the faithful, as well the other Holy Imams who have expressed the story of Ghadir. For example, Zahra, (peace be upon him), has stated: “Have you forgotten the Holy Prophet’s saying on the Day of Ghadir, who said: ‘Whoever I am his Master, so is Ali his Master’, and also said, ‘You are to me as Aaron to Moses is’”, (Al-Ghadir: volume 1 page 196) – quoted Shamsaddin Jazari.
And the Excellency, Imam Mojtaba (peace be upon him) said: “O people, did you notice when the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants), on the Day of Ghadir hold my father on his hand and announced, ‘Whoever I am his Master, so is Ali his Master …’”.
Then he wanted the people present at the scene to carry the message to the absentee ones, (Al-Ghadi: volume 1, page 197 quoted by: Yanabee Al-Mawaddah).
And also Imam Hosein (peace be upon him), a year prior to the event of Karbala which was before the death of Moaveyeh, in the pilgrimage ceremony at Mina where there were more than seven hundred men and women of Banihashim, and the followers of Imam – mostly the residence; and about two hundred of the followers of the Messenger of Allah, stood up and addressed the crowd. First, he praised Allah and then said: “O people! For the sake of Allah, tell me whether you agree the Messenger of Allah’s introducing Ali, (peace be upon him) as a ‘Leader and the Governor, and then asking the people to carry the message of his to those who were absent in the ceremony?”
All those who were present at Mina said: “We swear by Allah that he did,” (the secret of Ghadir 274, and Salim volume 2/ 791); and also Imam Sajjad, Imam Bagher and rest of the Imams (peace be upon all) have unanimously expressed it in different aspects, (Asrar Ghadir 275 onward – adopted from Ethbat Al-Hadiyeh volume 2, Behar volume 37 and so on …).
(B) This prolong sermon has been delivered by Imam Baghir (peace be upon him), as well as the main story of Ghadir Khom, in two documents from the book of, ‘Ehtijaj Tabari’ and ‘Al-Yaghin ibn Tawoos’, and Rozatol Waezin Bin Fetal Nishabori’ as well as ‘Nazhat Al-Keram’.
It is interesting to note that the text of the sermon of Hazifeh Bin Yemen and Zeid Bin Argham, who were present at Ghadir, is remarkably close to the Narration of Imam Baghir (peace be upon him); therefore, any difference between the text and the sermon is rare.
X – Question:
Why some books, prior to ‘Ehtijaj’ and ‘Rozatl Waezin’ in the 5th century, have not mentioned it–especially those people as Koleiny, Sadough and Shaikh Mofid and.. ?
A) ‘Not narrating’ an event does not mean a weak point of narration. On the other hand, there are so many claims to prove its authentic, as: the chains of the documents from the infallible Imams which have been put in the ‘Ghadir sermony’. Above all, Hazifah’s narration, as well as Argham’s in most story-texts math with Imam Baghir (peace be upon him)’s narratins.
B) The earliest scientists have fallen short in capturing some of the narrations, whereas, the later ones have come to them through close investigations.
C) Because of the dissimulation and the restricted condition, and also the hard condition of Shiite, some of the narrations have not been broadcast by the narrators. In such strangling condition, they have just recorded the main facts under those tyrannical rulers. It was just because, the scientists, like Koleiny and Moufid, as well others, who lived among their opponents in Baghdad, for avoiding troubles, could not write the narrations in details.
D) The Shiite’s scientists have written so many books, which most of them have been destroyed in the periods of time. Among them is Thaghghatol Islam Koleini in the year 329, who had written a book about Ghadir. It has been put in the book ‘Azzarial’ by ‘Agha Bozorg Tehrani’.
XI – The main text of the sermon has been in details brought in Shiite’s books, as well in the different papers of the Sunnis.
In Shiite’s book:
Rozatol-Waezin: Bin Fetal Nishabori, the 5th century.
Al-Ehtejaj: Shaikh Tabarsi, the 5th century
Al-Yaghin: said Ibn Tawoos the 7th century
Nazhat Al-Keram: Muhammad Bin Hosei Razi the 7th century
Al-Ighbal: Saiid Bin Tawoos the 7th century
As-Serat Al-Mostaghim: Ali Ibn Yunes Bayazi 9th century
Nahj-o-Iman: Ali Bin Hosein Ibn Jabar the 7th century
In the forgoing books, the narration has been put by the documents which stretches to Imam Baghir (peace be upon him), and Hozaifeh Bin Yemen and Zeid Ibn Argham.
1- The sermon of Ghadir in the Crystal Clear Documents 85-86, narrated by: Azzariah volume 7/ 173 No. 900
We still see more explanations in the Crystal Clear Documents. And in Sunnis books, the main event of Ghadir has been put exclusively and openly. To find their index, we should refer to ‘Al-Ghadir, volume 1’. To get acquainted with the narrators of the Ghadir’s event and to refer to them in ease, we should refer to ‘Al-Ghadir 1, page 14-151’.And also for getting information about the writers, we should refer to ‘Al-Ghadir volume 1, page 152-158.
Although the Sunnis have not narrated the very text in details, they have put the scattered phrases or sentences of that in their books.
The noble book of Noor Al-Amin has divided the sermon into one hundred parts which all have been picked from the Sunnis’ books
XII – In the text of ‘Ghadir Sermon’, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) has warned man with two exceptional sayings: thus, this lecture along with numerous specialties, is unique. One of them is: ‘So this ‘saying’ must be conveyed by those who are present now to those who are absent; and also the elderly to their children.
And the other one is, ‘’Now the pick of ‘Enjoining to good’ is that to understand my words about the Imams and then to convey it to the people about; recommend my lecture to the absentees and make them accept it willingly, for indeed my word is Allah’s word.’
With such emphasis and the world-wide command for communicating the contents of Ghadir sermon to the faithful Muslims, a serious step needed to be taken.
Therefore, we humbly recommend these under coming points:
1- The youth must be encouraged to memorize the text and receive prizes – furnishing them to go on pilgrimage tours, to Karbala for visiting the Shrine of Imam Hosein (peace be upon him); and giving them other prizes for memorizing the small parts of the sermon.
2- Making them recite the whole text of the sermon, or even a part of it, and then translating it in the religious ceremonies.
3- To recite a peace of the sermon in the parties of the marriage compact, so that to make it a good custom for the next generations.
4- Including it as dowry along with the Qur’an as the agreement with the ‘Hadith Thaghalein’ of the Messenger of Allah.
5- Publishing and freely distributing books of Ghadir Khom.
6- Painting and carving phrases from the sermon on the fine materials.
7- Teaching the Ghadir Khom sermon at schools, universities and the theological schools.
8- Presenting the sermon as the thesis at the colleges, and the universities.
9- Making lectures on the sermon and its contents by the respectable lecturers.
10- Translating the sermon into the living languages, putting the whole, or the scattered parts of the sermon on tapes and the site.
11- Preparing books about Ghadir sermon and presenting them at the specific occasions at the religious ceremonies.
12- Presenting and introducing it to the firms, companies, and factories so that to be handed to the customers or the agencies.
13- Making children books for the youth out of its sermon.
14- Making films, clips and animations from the phrases of the sermon.
15- From the short phrases, sending messages at different occasions such as: anniversaries, births and the demises of the Imams and their ‘Leaderships’.
16- Setting the text as the reference for searching about: the Unity of Allah, prophet-hood, Imamat, and Mahdaveyyat, and so on …
17- As the gifts to be presented to the youth – boys and girls.
18- Encouraging the people, as a vow, to recite the whole sermon at parties; and to dedicate a vow to publicize it when one is in need.
19- To bring the sermon on CDs and tapes …
20- To compose literary lyrics and poems from the main text of the sermon.
21- Teaching the short phrases of the sermon to the children and encouraging them to read and memorize them.
22- Making fine arts, paintings, and inscribing short phrases of the text on fine selected grounds.
23- Writing plays: theatres and songs of the text of Ghadir.