The Smithsonian Institution is releasing 2.8 million images from its massive collection online free for anyone to use. The Smithsonian is home to 19 museums and galleries and the National Zoo. [42], The first new museum building to open since the National Museum of Natural History was the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, which opened in 1974. The Archives is also responsible for ensuring institutional accountability, and for enhancing access to the rich and diverse resources in … Queries come from offices across the Smithsonian, and from around the world. [Our Mission Content Section] Our Mission. The Institution is as an independent trust instrumentality of the United States and holds more than 137 million artifacts and specimens in its collections. Dedicated to fulfilling Smithsonian’s mission for “the increase and diffusion of knowledge,” the Libraries and Archives is committed to the 21st-century needs of researchers, curators, educators and learners of all ages. Collections of artifacts are given to these museums in the form of long-term loans. "John Quincy Adams: A Public Life, a Private Life". In 1997, the Smithsonian Latino Center was created as a way to recognize Latinos across the Smithsonian Institution. The Commons increases the reach and impact of 9 research centers, 3 cultural centers, 19 museums, 11 libraries, and the National Zoo. [49] Twelve years later almost to the day, in 2016, the latest museum opened: the National Museum of African American History and Culture, in a new building near the Washington Monument. Benjamin Latrobe, who was architect for the US Capitol after the War of 1812, and William Thornton, the architect who designed the Octagon House and Tudor Place, would serve as officers. Education is at the core of the Smithsonian’s mission to increase and diffuse knowledge. As a public health precaution due to COVID-19 (coronavirus), the National Museum of African American History and Culture will temporarily close to the public starting Monday, November 23. Smithsonian Archives hold 156,830 cubic feet (4,441 m3) of archival material. Its work helped to develop an underlying philosophy which pushed for the pursuit and development of scientific knowledge that would benefit the nation, and edify its citizens at the same time. His position as the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, to which he was appointed in the spring of 2019, is multifaceted. The Trust builds on the mission of Englishman James Smithson (c.1765-1829), a chemist and mineralogist and the founding donor of the Smithsonian who left the entirety of his estate to the United States to found "at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge." In many ways, the origin of the Smithsonian Institution can be traced to a group of Washington citizens who, being "impressed with the importance of forming an association for promoting useful knowledge," met on June 28, 1816 to establish the Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences. Mission Statement: The Smithsonian Office of Fellowships and Internships (OFI) advances the increase and diffusion of knowledge by strengthening, diversifying, and developing academic appointments (internships, fellowships, and research associate appointments). [73] As of May 2016, the center is run by an executive director, Eduardo Díaz. [31] The park was designed by landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. Smithsonian Institution June 14, 2020. The Institution was founded in 1846 with funds from the Englishman James Smithson (1765–1829) according to his wishes “under the name of the Smithsonian Institution… Our Community Portal is open to any venue who may be interested in hosting a SITES exhibition, but an account is required in order to access some content More than 200 institutions and museums in 45 states,[note 1] Puerto Rico, and Panama are Smithsonian Affiliates.[8][9]. Bunch is tasked with the oversight of the institution’s 19 museums, 21 libraries, and the National Zoo, among other entities. Richard, Paul. The National Museum of American History is home to more than 1.8 million objects and more than three shelf-miles of archival collections. Shop. [75], The opening of the center was prompted, in part, by the publishing of a report called "Willful Neglect: The Smithsonian and U.S. [15][20], Though the Smithsonian's first secretary, Joseph Henry, wanted the institution to be a center for scientific research,[21] it also became the depository for various Washington and U.S. government collections. It is our guidebook to how the future can look and work. The James Smithson Bicentennial Medal, established in 1965, is given to persons who have made distinguished contributions to the advancement of areas of interest to the Smithsonian. Operating expenses were covered from the $5 yearly dues collected from each member. [64], In February 2020, the Smithsonian made 2.8 million digital items available to the public under a Creative Commons Zero Public Domain Dedication, with a commitment to release further items in the future.[65]. The history of the Smithsonian reflects the history of science, technology, art, and culture, both nationally and internationally. Recent Posts. Assistant Secretary for Communications and External Affairs, Eliot Elisofon Photographic Archives, African Art. This program encourages students to be proud of their roots and learn more about their cultural heritage to inspire them to educate the public in their own communities about how Latinos are enriching America's cultural fabric. Reports were to be published periodically to share this knowledge with the greater public, but due to a lack of funds, this initially did not occur. The Smithsonian Institution is now the largest museum and research complex in the world. Welcome to the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture. [11] Other funding comes from the Institution's endowment, private and corporate contributions, membership dues, and earned retail, concession, and licensing revenue. [52] The Smithsonian said that funds raised would go toward completion of the National Museum of African American History and Culture building, and renovations of the National Air and Space Museum, National Museum of American History, and the Renwick Gallery. It was founded on August 10, 1846, "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge". About the Smithsonian Libraries and Archives. The Smithsonian Institution (/smɪθˈsoʊniən/ smith-SOH-nee-ən), also known simply as The Smithsonian, is a trust instrumentality of the United States[2] composed as a group of museums and research centers. Our Mission: At the Smithsonian's National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute, we save species. We focus on developing solutions to further the Smithsonian's mission of “the increase and diffusion of knowledge” through the use of three-dimensional scanning technology, analysis tools, and our distribution platform. Mission The Smithsonian's mission is "the increase and diffusion of knowledge." [96], The Smithsonian Institution provides access to its image collections for educational, scholarly, and nonprofit uses. Its annual budget is around $1.2 billion, with two-thirds coming from annual federal appropriations. [5], Termed "the nation's attic"[6] for its eclectic holdings of 154 million items,[4] the Institution's 19 museums, 21 libraries, nine research centers, and zoo include historical and architectural landmarks, mostly located in the District of Columbia. "A National Family Album. Smithsonian Institution, research institution founded by the bequest of James Smithson, an English scientist who had stipulated in his will that if his heir died without issue, his remaining assets should be given to the United States for the ‘increase and diffusion of knowledge among men.’ The Advisory Board of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute was established by the Smithsonian Institution’s Board of Regents to provide advice, support and expertise to STRI. The Smithsonian Folklife Festival is an international exposition of living cultural heritage annually produced outdoors on the National Mall of the United States in Washington, D.C., by the Smithsonian Institution’s Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage. Benjamin Latrobe, who was architect for the US Capitol after the … [52] A smaller amount of funds would go to educational initiatives and digitization of collections. Kangaroo Island North Coast … [51] The $1.5 billion effort raised $1 billion at the three-year mark. Smithsonian 3D. Destination Moon: The Apollo 11 Mission will commemorate the first lunar landing in 1969, and the pioneering flights that came before, in a new, state-of-the-art traveling exhibition. [73], Pilar O'Leary launched the program when she served as executive director of the Smithsonian Latino Center. The Smithsonian Institution was established as an independent trust instrumentality of the United States by an Act of Congress in 1846 with a clear mission: the increase and diffusion of knowledge. It encompasses 137 staff members and is supported by an advisory board of 15 leaders from around the United States. There are 6,000 Smithsonian employees, including approximately 500 scientists. Destination Moon: The Apollo 11 Mission will commemorate the first lunar landing in 1969, and the pioneering flights that came before, in a new, state-of-the-art traveling exhibition. "Smithsonian Chief Will Retire in 2014. The Smithsonian employs approximately 6,500 federal civil service and trust-funded staff members, and during normal operations, is supplemented by over 6,000 volunteers, interns, fellows, … [23] The voyage amassed thousands of animal specimens, an herbarium of 50,000 plant specimens, and diverse shells and minerals, tropical birds, jars of seawater, and ethnographic artifacts from the South Pacific Ocean. List of National Historic Landmarks in Washington, D.C. National Register of Historic Places in Washington, D.C. President, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, President, Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences, Massachusetts Historical Society holdings, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Smithsonian_Institution&oldid=994715633, Members of the Cultural Alliance of Greater Washington, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles containing potentially dated statements from March 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles to be expanded from September 2012, Pages using Sister project links with wikidata namespace mismatch, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz label identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Eighty-five communications by 26 people were made to Congress during the entire life of the society, with more than a half relating to astronomy or mathematics. The Smithsonian is one of the world’s foremost research centers in science, the arts, and the humanities. "[72] Today, the website features a high-tech virtual museum. The Smithsonian has close ties with 168 other museums in 39 states, Panama, and Puerto Rico. [32] This structure was designed by the D.C. architectural firm of Hornblower & Marshall. The building opened in 1855. [56] These museums are known as Smithsonian Affiliated museums. The Institution was founded in 1846 with funds from the Englishman James Smithson (1765–1829) according to his wishes “under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge.” We continue to honor this mission and invite you to join us in our quest. The Smithsonian's terms of use for its digital content, including images, are set forth on the Smithsonian Web site. Other museums are located elsewhere in Washington, D.C., with two more in New York City and one in Chantilly, Virginia. [54] An example is a campaign to fund the preservation and maintenance of the ruby slippers worn by Judy Garland for her role as Dorothy Gale in the 1939 film The Wizard of Oz.[55]. The Heritage Emergency National Task Force (HENTF), co-sponsored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Smithsonian Institution, is a partnership of 60 national service organizations and federal agencies. [94], In November 2007, The Washington Post reported internal criticism has been raised regarding the institution's handling of the exhibit on the Arctic. It operates two landmark facilities that, together, welcome more than eight million visitors a year, making it the most visited museum in the country. Two were the establishment of a botanical garden, and a museum which was designed to have a national and permanent status. [30], The National Zoological Park opened in 1889 to accommodate the Smithsonian's Department of Living Animals. To view the status of the Smithsonian’s other museums and zoo visit si.edu/museums. Our Mission: Understanding the natural world and our place in it. [50], In 2011, the Smithsonian undertook its first-ever capital fundraising campaign. The former occupied space where the present Botanic Garden sits. We focus on developing solutions to further the Smithsonian's mission of "the increase and diffusion of knowledge" through the use of three-dimensional capture technology, analysis tools, and our distribution platform. Our mission is to promote understanding of the natural world and our place in it. We provide engaging experiences with animals and create and share knowledge to save wildlife and habitats. The secretary also serves as secretary to the Board of Regents but is not a voting member of that body. [43] The National Air and Space Museum, the Smithsonian's largest in terms of floor space, opened in June 1976. Join the Smithsonian Institution as we answer these questions and more. It opened in 1881. Open Access furthers the Smithsonian’s mission which has been the same since its founding in 1846: for the "increase and diffusion of knowledge." Congress. Mission and Vision Statement. Beginning in 1825, weekly sittings were arranged during sessions of Congress for the reading of scientific and literary productions, but this was continued for only a short time, as the number attending declined rapidly. Designed by architect James Renwick Jr., its interiors were completed by general contractor Gilbert Cameron. Paris: The African American Experience Virtual Tour. [92] Upon Skorton's announced resignation in 2019, the Board selected Lonnie Bunch III, the founding director of the Smithsonian's National Museum of African American History and Culture, as the 14th secretary.[93]. We are an international system of 21 branches and Institutional archives. The Smithsonian's mission is "the increase and diffusion of knowledge." Explore dining, shopping, theater and interactive activities while you are visiting our locations. ", "Lonnie Bunch III Set To Become Smithsonian Institution's 1st Black Secretary", "Smithsonian's Arctic Refuge Exhibit Draws Senate Scrutiny", "Scientists Fault Climate Exhibit Changes", "Integrating federal research and solutions for climate and global change", "Smithsonian Agreement Angers Filmmakers". Was it worth it? [75], After difficult times in the first few years, the center improved. Established in 2017, the Smithsonian Conservation Commons is a science action network within the Smithsonian Institution, harnessing innovation and interdisciplinary approaches to impact worldwide conservation practices. [72], The center is a division of the Smithsonian Institution. "Smithsonian Institution Names Cornell President As Its 13th Secretary. The nominal head of the Institution is the chancellor, an office which has traditionally been held by the chief justice. The MSC was dedicated in May 1983. Aeolian Islands Hope Spot Highlights Local Efforts in Marine Conservation in Italy; How Cape RADD is Training the Next Generation of Scientists in the False Bay Hope Spot; The Pandemic Put Tourism to the Galápagos Islands on Pause. Congress had promised to build a new structure for the museum if the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exposition generated enough income. Latinos". The Smithsonian Institution Archives serves as the institutional memory of a unique cultural organization. Collections Stewardship at the Smithsonian: Hearing before the Committee on House Administration, House of Representatives, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session. [36] The Anacostia Community Museum, an "experimental store-front" museum created at the initiative of Smithsonian Secretary S. Dillon Ripley, opened in the Anacostia neighborhood of Washington, D.C., in 1967. Mission and History. Institution exhibits are free of charge, though in 2010 the Deficit Commission recommended admission fees. Smithsonian images fall into different copyright categories; some are protected by copyright, many are subject to license agreements or other contractual conditions, and some fall into the public domain, such as those prepared by Smithsonian employees as part of their official duties. Other members of the Board of Regents are three members of the U.S. House of Representatives appointed by the speaker of the House; three members of the Senate, appointed by the president pro tempore of the Senate; and nine citizen members, nominated by the board and approved by the Congress in a joint resolution signed by the president of the United States. Previously two separate entities, the Smithsonian Libraries and the Smithsonian Institution Archives, we have now joined forces to better serve researchers, curators, educators, and learners of all ages at the Smithsonian and around the world. The president's 2011 budget proposed just under $800 million in support for the Smithsonian, slightly increased from previous years. As a steward and ambassador of cultural connections, the Smithsonian's work helps to build bridges of mutual respect and understanding of the diversity of American and world cultures. The Museum opened to the public on September 24, 2016, as the 19 th and newest museum of the Smithsonian Institution. On September 18, 2013, Secretary G. Wayne Clough announced he would retire in October 2014. [44], Eleven years later, the National Museum of African Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery opened in a new, joint, underground museum between the Freer Gallery and the Smithsonian Castle. [99], Group of museums and research centers administered by the United States government, "Smithsonian" redirects here. [37][38][39] That same year, the Smithsonian signed an agreement to take over the Cooper Union Museum for the Arts of Decoration (now the Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum). Smithsonian was the result of Secretary of the Smithsonian S. Dillon Ripley asking the retired editor of Life magazine Edward K. Thompson to produce a magazine "about things in which the Smithsonian Institution is interested, might be interested or ought to be interested". Harvard University Press. [97][98], In April 2006, the institution entered into an agreement of "first refusal" rights for its vast silent and public domain film archives with Showtime Networks, mainly for use on the Smithsonian Channel, a network created from this deal. The Smithsonian Institution Archives captures, preserves, and shares with the public the history of this extraordinary Institution. The database will include 2D and 3D images from the Smithsonian… A gift to the Smithsonian Campaign created the Tennenbaum Marine Observatory Network, which standardizes measurements around the biological changes in coastal zones. Prayerboard with Liturgy Written in Spanish and Salinan, 1817 (Side B). Commercial uses are generally restricted unless permission is obtained. The Smithsonian Institution Fellowship Program offers opportunities for independent research or study related to Smithsonian collections, facilities, and/or research interests of the Institution and its staff. [25], In 1846, the regents developed a plan for weather observation; in 1847, money was appropriated for meteorological research. We are dedicated to supporting cultural diversity and increased understanding among peoples through the documentation, preservation, and dissemination of sound. [56], The Smithsonian Institution announced in January 2015 that it is in talks to build its first permanent overseas exhibition space within London's Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. The Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage is a research and educational unit of the Smithsonian Institution. The Institution is as an independent trust instrumentality of the United States and holds more than 137 million artifacts and specimens in its collections. Smithson ’ s other museums are located in Maryland, New York City and one in,! 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