Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) is a valuable fiber and medicinal plant from the Malvaceae family. The scientific name of kenaf is Hibiscuscannabinus. Kenaf fiber is a biodegradable and environment-friendly raw material suitable for woven and non-woven fabrics, geotextiles and laminated sheets for packaging and paneling. Kenaf is one of the allied fibres of jute and shows similar characteristics. New uses for kenaf have recently been developed for different industrial applications. Straw fibers provide roughly the same hardwood like characteristics. (K8981-1) Abbott found that chitosan—made from ground-up crab shells—helps transform dissolved kenaf lignin into a solid cake. Furthermore, adding a flexibilizer (a copolymer of lactic acid and aliphatic polyester) to the composites improves their strength. Highlights Kenaf fiber is unique and potentially reliable. is a member of the Hibiscus cannabinus L. It has a variety of characteristics that are not found in common plants, and is considered one of the world's top 3 fiber crops with its use at various fields of daily life. It can be cultivated by planting either Kenaf Seeds or the Kenaf itself on farmland. Most of the plants cultivated for fiber, including jute and kenaf, are grown from seed annually, but a few are grown as perennials. tracted. Kenaf [etymology: Persian], Hibiscus cannabinus, is a plant in the family Malvaceae also called Deccan hemp and Java jute. Kenaf shows similar characteristics with jute. Harvest and storage Kenaf is harvested at optimum fiber content, generally at the beginning of flowering. Ofthe approximately 250,000 to 300,000 known plant species, less than 100 are grown commercially in the United State for food, feed, or industrial uses at economic impact levels Because it is a… Continue Reading. The Center for Agriculture at UMass Amherst is growing kenaf in New England for the first time, evaluating the local potential for this eco-friendly plant. Kenaf is one of the allied fibres of jute and shows similar characteristics. The main use of kenaf fiber is to produce rope, twine and course cloth. more jute fiber is used than any other single fiber. fiber strength, kenaf fiber has great potential for use in industrial nonwoven materials and for competing with flax and hemp fibers on the global market [3]. Future tests will examine using the solid cake as an animal feed binder. Traditional growers of kenaf are China, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand, and the United States of America. Uses. The fibres (Fig. Kenaf bast fibers have a higher content of cellulose, ranging up to 69.2, % compared to core the fiber and the other abundantly natural in Malaysiafibers , such as Kenaf reduces the weight of the door bolsters by 25 percent and improves fuel economy; Kenaf is also used in cosmetics and kenaf fiber is an alternative to wood to make paper and cardboard; its leaves are edible; DEARBORN, Mich., Jan. 26, 2012 — Drivers of the all-new Ford Escape may be surprised to find out there is a plant inside the door. Cultivation and registered herbicides provide additional tools for weed management. 27. Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. " The bast constitutes 40% of the plant. Long kenaf fibers (bast) have potential for reinforcing polymers, due to their high strength properties (Aji et al. Kenaf fiber also blends with plastic resins for plastic components. Staff; 03/25/2016; Blog; While we continue the fight to make it legal to grow industrial hemp across the country, we should look to kenaf fiber uses as an alternative. The second fiber is short, spongy core fiber that resembles balsa wood. Uses of Kenaf Fiber: kenaf is mainly used in low density panels, pulp and papers. In Janesville Products tests, nonwoven fabric insulation containing kenaf fiber blocked sound waves at frequencies of 2,000 hertz, a range that meets auto industry needs. Kenaf is an alternative non-wood source of fiber for various grades of paper. The stalks consist of two kinds of fiber: an outer fiber (bast) and an inner fiber (core). Kenaf leaves have been used in human and animal diets for thousands of years. That makes kenaf suitable for a … Read more Properties, Processing and Uses of Kenaf Fiber It is a non-woody annual with a short life circle of 100-130 days. Kenaf is completely bio-degradable as it does not require many chemicals for its cultivation or processing. Kenaf fiber is extracted from bast fiber of kenaf plants. It is processed into poultry house bedding, oil-absorbent mats and packing materials. Kenaf fibres are produced by separating the core of kenaf from the fibrous outer layers. Kenaf plants are capable of growing to a height of 20 feet under favorable conditions; however, heights generally average 8 to 14 feet in a growing season of 4 to 5 months. The kenaf bast fiber is known to have the potential as a reinforcing fiber in Kenaf (rhymes with giraffe) is a fiber-producing plant, Hibiscus cannabinus L, similar in appearance to hemp but of a different family. 2 showed the parts of kenaf stem (core, bast and innerbast). growing kenaf plant generally competes effectively with weeds. Kenaf is natural plant fiber. Kenaf fiber was selected for the present study and was collected from Krishi Vigyan Ke Correspondence Department of Textiles & Apparel Designing, Faculty of Community Science, AAU, Jorhat, Assam, India Extraction of kenaf fiber and its physico-chemical properties for various end uses Kenaf [etymology: Persian], [2] Hibiscus cannabinus, is a plant in the family Malvaceae also called Deccan hemp and Java jute. Kenaf grows quickly, rising to heights of 12-14 feet in as little as 4 to 5 months. Uses of Kenaf Kenaf is a source of cellulose fiber for the production of pulp and paper. Kenaf Fiber Uses – a Legal Alternative to Hemp. It thrives in hot damp climates. Kenaf plant belongs to Malvaceae family, with different varieties that can reach 3 to 6 meters tall, with no particular ramifications. Hemp fiber is naturally one of the most environmentally friendly fibers and also the oldest. Kenaf can be obtained naturally from Tropical Gardens. Kenaf fiber without the particles exhibits effects on these characteristics of PLA practically comparable to the effects of glass fiber. Other kenaf uses include animal forage, animal litter, a fiberglass substitute in molded plastic, a cellulose fiber for … Characteristics and uses of kenaf fiber. It has a unique combination of long bast and short core fibers. It’s allied with jute fiber. The fiber in Kenaf is found in the bast (bark) and core (wood). Kenaf is a promising source of raw material fiber for pulp, paper and other fiber products, and has been introduced since WWII in China, USSR, Thailand, South Africa, Egypt, Mexico and Cuba. Kenaf is cultivated for its fiber in India, Bangladesh, U.S., Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, and parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. Sharing successful actions and useful information throughout the industry via web site, books, consulting. Shapeless Crafting Kenaf Seed (1 Kenaf) String (3 Kenaf produces 2 String) Hemp is called a fiber of hundred uses. Hibiscus cannabinus is in the genus Hibiscus and is native to southern Asia, though its exact origin is unknown.The name also applies to the fibre obtained from this plant. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It produces pulp much faster than pine which takes about 15years to mature. Kenaf scientifically known as Hibiscus cannabinus belongs to Malavaceae family which is a valuable fiber plant inherent to Africa and India. Provider of introductory and commercial quantities of kenaf seeds, fiber, wood core throughout the US. Kenaf, 1-year-old herbaceous plant of the 4,000-year-old curled mallow family rooted in ancient Africa,. Harvesting is accomplished either by hand or mechanically with farm equipment adapted for kenaf. According to Parikh, whose research aims to find new, value-added uses for fiber crops, other auto insulation candidates are … Botanical name is Hibiscus cannabinu. Jute is the most important fiber of this type, and it is probable that, in the industrial and engineering uses of textiles. Introduction: Kenaf is a natural fiber which is a plant in the Malvaceae family. What is Kenaf Fiber? Properties of kenaf fiber composite are comparable to conventional fiber composites. The Columbia history of the world states that the oldest relics of human industry are bits of Hemp fabric discovered in tombs dating back to approximately 8000 B.C. 1 & 2) are produced mostly for textiles, gunny sacks and, to a certain extent, paper. kenaf and hemp core provide characteristics typical of hardwood fiber. Decortication Plant Update – February 2016. Kenaf is a short-day, annual herbaceous plant cultivated for the soft bast fiber in its stem. kenaf fiber before it is processed into commercial paper products. Its semblance to the conifers fibers, making it a suitable to a variety of uses, including as alternative to wood. Outline: Introduction Structure of Fiber Production, Processing & Cultivation of Fiber Harvesting Retting Washing Drying Properties End Uses 2. Originally from Africa, kenaf has been the subject of several studies by the Department of Agriculture and is now cultivated in several southern states. Fig. Kenaf fiber composite can be produced using conventional fiber composite manufacturing. Kenaf is used in many countries Kenaf fiber composite have a bright future due to its renewability and eco-friendly. Various environmental mats are produced from kenaf fibers. This plant has active components such as saponins, tannins, alkaloids, polyphenolics, steroids and essential oils. Research and Development of seed varieties that can grow in all USA latitudes. Uses. Kenaf. Hibiscus cannabinus is in the genus Hibiscus and is native to southern Asia, though its exact origin is unknown.The name also applies to the fibre obtained from this plant. One of the crops being investigated is kenaf, an old crop with many uses. 2009). KENAF - PROMISING NEW FIBER CROP L. H. Princen griculture always should be on the lookout for potentially new crops from the vast resources of the kingdom of wild plants. 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